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Table 4 Lower and upper bound strain values in this study

From: Permafrost thaw and ground settlement considering long-term climate impact in northern Alaska

Soil layer Soil type Lower bound thaw strain (%) Upper bound thaw strain (%)
Surface condition GW-GM 2.0 15.0
Surface condition OL 10.0 40.0
Layer 1 ML 6.0 55.3
Layer 2 SM1 4.0 44.0
Layer 3 SM2 7.0 44.0
Layer 4 SM3 7.6 44.0